Periodontal diseases, which affect the gums and the bone surrounding them, are the most common oral diseases in the United States. Midtown periodontal gum diseases can be caused by factors such as poor oral hygiene and genetics.
Periodontal disease is characterized by inflammation around your teeth and gums. This inflammation leads to damage to the bone that supports your teeth. If this damage happens over time, it can lead to tooth loss or jawbone loss, also known as alveolar bone loss.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
The main symptoms of periodontal diseases include:
Gum Disease: A bacterial infection of your gums and supporting tissues around your teeth. Gum disease is also called periodontitis or pocketitis.
Tartar Buildup: A mineral deposit on your teeth that forms when plaque bacteria form a hard substance called calculus. Calculus can also develop outside of the gum line. This mineral buildup can irritate your gums and cause inflammation.
Tooth Decay: When plaque bacteria break down food particles, they produce acids that dissolve away parts of minerals from tooth enamel. The acids attack tooth enamel to form a hard mineral called tartar.
Bleeding Gums: Bleeding gums are a common symptom of periodontal disease. This is because the bleeding is caused by the breakdown of gum tissue, which releases chemicals or metabolic acids that irritate the surface of the teeth. The presence of bleeding may also signify poor oral hygiene, poor nutrition or even cancer.
Receding Gum Line: A receding gum line indicates inflammation or infection in your gums or bacteria that have invaded the root surfaces of your teeth and migrated into the body of your tooth. A receding gum line can cause food to accumulate below your gum line when chewing solid foods such as meat or cheese. However, it can also be associated with other problems such as tooth decay, gum disease and bone loss in the jawbone (gingivitis).
What is the Best Treatment for Periodontal Disease?
The best treatment for periodontal gum disease depends on the cause of the infection. But the most common treatment options include;
Antibiotics are used to treat periodontal diseases, but they do not work for everyone. For example, antibiotics are ineffective in the case of severe gum disease affecting the heart, kidney and liver.
2. Gum Surgery
Gum surgery is an effective treatment option for people with severe periodontal disease. It can remove the infected tissues and restore your gums to a healthy appearance.
3. Root Canal Therapy
Root canal therapy is the most effective way to remove the infection and restore dental health. The procedure uses local anesthesia and special instruments to remove the infected pulp, which includes the root of the tooth. The procedure is performed by a periodontist.
Periodontal gum diseases are generally more advanced than simple gum infections, so you should seek treatment from your dentist if you think you may be suffering from an infection. Dentists will use radiographs to diagnose the condition and will prescribe treatment to help you get rid of the infection. In most cases, 286 Madison Dental professionals can clear away these infections in a single visit.